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Datasheet: UDRCDS

Instructions

Important: Use only Compass Linux images.  They contain support specific to the UDRC™. Source is available for review on GitHub.

During initial startup do not modify the basic Raspberry Pi setup. For example, do not overclock the Raspberry Pi, it is not needed as performance is more than adequate, and doing so can change clocking values on busses used by the UDRC™ causing it to either not function or be unstable.  If you make any changes not listed in these instructions, and your UDRC™ does not function, return to the original settings.


Mount your UDRC™ or UDRC™-II on a Raspberry Pi 2 or 3

Note: Raspberry Pi 3 Addendum

Make sure the pins are properly aligned and use the supplied standoffs to support the board above the HDMI port.

Universal Digital Radio ControllerUniversal Digital Radio Controller

Create the Boot Image

  1. Obtain a high quality microSD card.  A Class-10 card of 8GB or more is recommended.
  2. Download a Compass Linux image from archive.compasslinux.org
  3. The 'lite' version is without a GUI.  The full version has graphic interface and is recommended if you plan to have a GUI application running.
  4. Unzip and copy the uncompressed image to the SD card using the procedure outlined on the Raspberry Pi site.

Boot for the First Time

  1. Place the microSD card in the Raspberry Pi.
  2. Attach a monitor and keyboard/mouse to the Raspberry Pi
  3. Attach Ethernet via the RJ-45 jack to your network.
  4. Apply power 
    1. Using the micro USB port next to the HDMI port 
    2. There are solder pads to apply 12 vdc to the UDRC if that is more convenient 
  5. Allow the Raspberry Pi to boot up
  6. Login  (User: pi, Password: raspberry)
  7. From a terminal command line, verify that the UDRC™ is recognized by typing the command aplay -l (that's a lowercase l) and observe that udrc is listed as a card.  If you do not see it listed, power down and remount the UDRC™.
  8. Perform any Linux configuration specific to your installation, e.g. assign specific network addresses, install favorite tools, etc. (This is beyond the scope of NW Digital Radio support, please use Linux support resources for assistance.)
    Note: DO NOT RUN raspi-update - it will break your install
  9. You may wish to edit the /etc/hosts file and add reference to the hostname, for example if you keep the default 'compass' hostname, add a line
    127.0.1.1    compass
  10. To preset the pins and levels on the UDRC™ for direwolf we provide a script.  Execute the following
    curl -L -s https://goo.gl/7rXUFJ | sudo sh
    (the 'pipe' or | is usually above the \ key on most keyboards -- if you want to see what the script does, leave off  '| sudo sh')
  11. Optionally disable the internal sound chip by editing /boot/config.txt and commenting out this line (recommended unless you need it for something else):
    #dtparam=audio=on
  12. To gracefully shutdown the Raspberry Pi, you may use the command sudo halt

Install Direwolf

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade
sudo apt-get install direwolf

Configure Direwolf

Read the README

Download the User's Guide

Peruse other documents on the WB2OSZ Github for ideas and troubleshooting -- however, you do not need to perform the items in Raspberry Pi document. The UDRC only needs a few edits in direwolf.conf 

cd ~

Use your favorite editor, e.g. nano or vi to edit file direwolf.conf 

vi direwolf.conf
# or
nano direwolf.conf

Set the following parameters (BOLD are specific to your station).  Any additional values should be set based on the direwolf User Guide.

UDRC™ (Original)

ADEVICE  plughw:CARD=udrc,DEV=0
ARATE 48000
ACHANNELS 2
CHANNEL 0
MYCALL YOURCALLSIGN-SSID
MODEM 1200
PTT GPIO 12
CHANNEL 1
MODEM 1200
PTT GPIO 12
MYCALL YOURCALLSIGN-SSID
AGWPORT 8000
KISSPORT 8001
PBEACON delay=1  every=10 overlay=S symbol="digi" lat=17^51.00N long=102^18.36W power=5 height=20 gain=6 comment="UDRC" via=WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1 
DIGIPEAT 0 0 ^WIDE[3-7]-[1-7]$|^TEST$ ^WIDE[12]-[12]$ TRACE 
IGSERVER noam.aprs2.net
IGLOGIN YOUR INTERNET LOGIN AND PASSCODE FOR APRS REPORTING
PBEACON sendto=IG delay=0:30 every=60:00 symbol="igate" overlay=R lat=17^51.00N long=102^18.36W
IGTXLIMIT 6 10 # if you have GPSD running, uncomment the following line # GPSD localhost

Under CHANNEL 0 -- Choose MODEM (1200 and 9600 for VHF/UHF) and set the PTT to use the GPIO pin

PTT GPIO 12

The modem value under CHANNEL 1 should match the value chosen under CHANNEL 0.

UDRC™ II

ADEVICE plughw:CARD=udrc,DEV=0 
ARATE 48000
ACHANNELS 2
#HD-15
CHANNEL 0
MYCALL YOURCALLSIGN-SSID
MODEM 9600
PTT GPIO 12
#DIN-6
CHANNEL 1
MYCALL YOURCALLSIGN-SSID
MODEM 1200
PTT GPIO 23 
AGWPORT 8000
KISSPORT 8001
PBEACON delay=1 sendto=0 every=10 overlay=S symbol="digi" lat=17^51.00N long=102^18.36W power=5 height=20 gain=6 comment="UDRC 9600" via=WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
PBEACON delay=1 sendto=1 every=10 overlay=S symbol="digi" lat=17^51.00N long=102^18.36W power=5 height=20 gain=6 comment="UDRC 1200" via=WIDE1-1,WIDE2-1
#DIGIPEAT 0 0 ^WIDE[3-7]-[1-7]$|^TEST$ ^WIDE[12]-[12]$ TRACE
#DIGIPEAT 1 1 ^WIDE[3-7]-[1-7]$|^TEST$ ^WIDE[12]-[12]$ TRACE 
#DIGIPEAT 0 1 ^WIDE[3-7]-[1-7]$|^TEST$ ^WIDE[12]-[12]$ TRACE 
#DIGIPEAT 1 0 ^WIDE[3-7]-[1-7]$|^TEST$ ^WIDE[12]-[12]$ TRACE 
IGSERVER noam.aprs2.net
IGLOGIN YOUR INTERNET LOGIN AND PASSCODE FOR APRS REPORTING
PBEACON sendto=IG delay=0:30 every=60:00 symbol="igate" overlay=R lat=17^51.00N long=102^18.36W IGTXLIMIT 6 10 #GPSD localhost


Radio and Start Direwolf

Use the Mini Din-6 connector to attach a radio with a 9600 baud packet port.  Many radios have a Mini Din-6 socket specifically for this purpose, use a straight through male to male Mini Din-6 cable.  If you selected Mini Din-6 when ordering the UDRC, use that cable.  If you need a specialized cable to go to another radio, you can build one or see Cable and Connectors on the NW Digital Radio blog.

Startup direwolf

cd ~
direwolf

Adjustments

The values set by the script should be sufficient, but controls exist in the alsamixer program to adjust LO/PCM (modulation for TX, use LO as the main control) and ADC (receive), after selecting the UDRC as the sound device.  Use them judiciously and save changes with the command

sudo alsactl store

You may wish to save the initial script and change the db values you pick in alsamixer.  

cd ~
curl -L -s 
https://goo.gl/7rXUFJ  > my-udrc-setup.sh
chmod +x my-udrc-setup.sh
Use your favorite editor to modify the new shell script.  You can execute it at any time

~/my-udrc-setup.sh

Applications

Many applications can be used with direwolf 

Xastir Install

To install Xastir use apt-get

sudo apt-get install xastir
cd ~
xastir

YAAC Install

sudo apt-get install openjdk-7-jre librxtx-java unzip wget
cd ~
sudo wget http://www.ka2ddo.org/ka2ddo/YAAC.zip
mkdir YAAC
cd YAAC
unzip ~/YAAC.zip
java -jar YAAC.jar

Adding a GPS Using GPSD

Adding a GPS to your Raspberry Pi is easy and can be made available to various programs like Direwolf, Xaster, and YAAC.  These programs typically can take GPS data directly from an attached GPS or use GPSD, a program that makes a GPS data available via a network socket.

In our example we will use a common USB attached GPS, like the reasonably priced GlobalSat BU-353.

Plug the USB GPS into one of the 4 USB ports on your Raspberry Pi.  If it is the only serial device it will typically be a /dev/ttyUSB0. If you have other USB serial devices, it may be at some other /dev/ttyUSBx (where x is a digit).

Install gpsd and some clients.

sudo apt-get update
sudo apt-get upgrade  #optional
sudo apt-get install gpsd gpsd-clients

Configure gpsd by editing /etc/default/gpsd - for /dev/ttyUSB0 the file will contain

# Default settings for the gpsd init script and the hotplug wrapper.
# Start the gpsd daemon automatically at boot time
START_DAEMON="true"
# Use USB hotplugging to add new USB devices automatically to the daemon
USBAUTO="true"
# Devices gpsd should collect to at boot time.
# They need to be read/writeable, either by user gpsd or the group dialout.
DEVICES="/dev/ttyUSB0"
# Other options you want to pass to gpsd
GPSD_OPTIONS=""

Then start gpsd

sudo systemctl start gpsd
sudo systemctl enable gpsd  # So that it will start and restart automatically

If your GPS has acquired satellites sufficient for a fix, you can see what it is reporting by running the client program

cgps -s 

Use the 'q' key to stop cgps.

Using GPSD for Your Real Time Clock

Once gpsd is running you can also use it update your system clock by editing /etc/ntp.conf and adding these lines

# Server from shared memory provided by gpsd
server 127.127.28.0 minpoll 4 maxpoll 4
fudge 127.127.28.0 time1 +0.350 refid SHM stratum 15

Restart ntpd

sudo systemctl restart ntp
ntpq -prcv  #to see that it is listed as SHM

This is useful when you don't have a network time server available such as when running a mobile tracker.

Running Two Radios on the UDRC™ II

See Notes